Commission on Population and Development: Resolution 2012

Chair’s text
27 April 2012
Commission on Population and Development
Forty-fifth Session
Draft Resolution
Adolescents and youth

The Commission on Population and Development,
PP1. Recalling the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Populationand Development1 and the key actions for its further implementation,

PP2. Recalling also the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the obligations of States parties to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Convention on the Elimination of AllForms of Discrimination against Women, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, theConvention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the International Convention on theElimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination and the International Convention on theProtection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families,

PP3. Recalling further the outcomes of relevant United Nations high-level meetings,conferences and summits including the United Nations Millennium Declaration3, the 2005 World Summit Outcome4, the Beijing Platform for Action5 and Five-year Review of the implementation of the Beijing Declaration, the World Programme of Action for Youth6, and the outcome document of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on Youth: Dialogue and Mutual Understanding7, the Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS of 10 June 2011, and the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases of 19 September 2011, as well as the outcome document of the High-Level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly at its sixtyfifth session, and the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals,

PP4. Reaffirming that development is a central goal in itself and that sustainable development in its economic, social and environmental aspects constitutes a key element of the overarching framework of United Nations activities,

PP5. Acknowledging the largest generation of adolescents and youth ever in history and cognizant that different demographic trends and age structures impact directly their lives and have various impacts on development, depending on circumstances in each country, and on the size of investments required to ensure the health and development of current and future generations, and recognizing the evolving capacities, needs, contributions and challenges of adolescents and youth, and that classifications and definitions of age groups vary in accordance with each country´s national legislation,

PP6. Recognizing that the ways in which young people are able to address their
aspirations and challenges and fulfill their potential will influence current social and
economic conditions and the wellbeing and livelihood of future generations, and stressing the need for further efforts to promote the interests of youth, including the full enjoyment of their human rights, inter alia, by supporting young people in developing their potential and talents and tackling obstacles facing youth,

PP7. Recognizing also that the full implementation of the Programme of Action of the
International Conference on Population and Development and the key actions for its further implementation, including those related to sexual and reproductive health and reproductiverights, which would also contribute to the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action, as well as those on population and development, education and gender equality, is integrally linked to global efforts to eradicate poverty and achieve sustainable development and that population dynamics are all-important for development,

PP8. Recognizing further that adolescents and youth in all countries are a majorresource for development and key agents for social change, economic development and
technological innovation, and that further progress for development requires the full andeffective participation of young people and youth-led organizations at the local, national,regional and international levels,

PP9. Recognizing that the international community has been challenged by multiple andinterrelated crises, including the ongoing impact of the financial and economic crisis, volatile
energy and food prices and ongoing concerns over food security, as well as the increasing challenges posed by climate change and the loss of biodiversity, all of which have increased
vulnerabilities and inequalities and have adversely affected development gains, in particularin developing countries, and calling for enhanced cooperation and concerted action to address those challenges, taking into account the positive role that education can play in that respect,

PP10. Reaffirming our commitment to realizing the right of everyone to education, and
emphasizing that education shall be directed to the full development of the human person and his or her dignity and shall strengthen respect for all human rights and fundamental freedoms, and recalling that commitments made at the international level emphasize inclusive quality learning, including early childhood education, and universal access to complete, free and compulsory primary education as well as access to secondary, tertiary and vocational education and training and lifelong learning, as well as equal access to education and successful schooling for girls and women,

PP11. Addressing the high rates of youth unemployment, underemployment, vulnerable
employment and informal employment by developing and implementing targeted and
integrated national youth employment policies for inclusive job creation, improved
employability, skill development and vocational training to meet specific labour market needs of youth, including youth migrants, and increased entrepreneurship, including the
development of networks of young entrepreneurs at local, national, regional and global
levels, which foster knowledge among young people about their rights and responsibilities in society,

PP12. Noting with concern that for millions of people throughout the world, the right of
everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, including access to medicines, still remains a distant goal and that in many cases, especially for children, youth and people living in poverty, the likelihood of achieving this goal is becoming increasingly remote,

PP13. Reaffirming the need to promote gender equality and the empowerment of girls
and young women in all aspects of youth development, recognizing the vulnerability of
adolescent girls and young women and the need to eliminate discrimination against them,
and the critical role of boys and young men in ensuring gender equality,

PP14. Concerned that early and forced marriage and forced sexual relationships have
adverse physical, social and psychological effects on adolescent and young girls and violate
their human rights, and that early childbearing and early and forced marriage reduce
opportunities for adolescent and young girls to complete their education, develop employable skills and participate in community development,

PP15. Recognizing that reproductive rights embrace certain human rights that are
already recognized in national laws, international human rights documents and other
consensus documents and rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and
individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children
and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. It also includes their right to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence as expressed in human rights documents. Human rights include their right to have control over and decide freely and responsibly on matters related to their sexuality, including sexual and reproductive health, free of coercion, discrimination, and violence,

PP16. Recognizing also that young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years account
for more than 40 per cent of all new HIV infections among those aged 15 or over because of
the social and economic factors and other inequities that increase their vulnerability,
including stigma and discrimination, gender-based and sexual violence, gender inequality and violations and lack of accurate information on HIV and other sexually transmitted infections and ready access to sexual and reproductive health including HIV services,

PP17. Deeply concerned that young women living with HIV would like to space or
limit pregnancy but are not using an effective modern method of contraception due to limited access to voluntary family planning services, and that addressing reproductive health and HIV together would better serve the needs of clients and health care providers in a more comprehensive, cost effective and efficient manner,

PP18. Recognizing that all forms of violence against adolescents and youth violate their
rights and in this regard recognizing the need to take appropriate actions to address the
factors that increase the particular vulnerability of adolescents and youth to all forms of
violence,

PP19. Recognizing also the importance of preventing and addressing youth crime,
including drug-related crime, and its impact on youth and the socio-economic development of societies, as well as of protecting young victims, witnesses and their respective families, as well as supporting the rehabilitation, reintegration and inclusion of young offenders in society with a view to their assuming constructive roles,

PP20. Emphasizing that the full implementation of the United Nations Global Plan of
Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons will contribute to address all factors and root factors that foster demand and make adolescents and youth, especially young women and girls, vulnerable to trafficking, as well as the protection and rehabilitation of victims and will inter alia promote, as appropriate, increased ratification and full implementation of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish trafficking in persons, especially women and children,

PP21. Recognizing the contributions of adolescents and young migrants to countries of
origin and destination, their particular vulnerabilities, circumstances and needs, and their
potential to build social, economic and cultural bridges of cooperation and understanding
across societies, and in that regard encouraging States to consider the socio-economic
circumstances and specific needs of young migrants,

PP22. Recognizing also that malaria-related ill health and deaths throughout the world,
particularly among children, adolescents and youth, can be substantially reduced with
political commitment and commensurate resources if the public is educated and sensitized
about malaria and appropriate health services are made available, particularly in countries
where the disease is endemic,

PP23. Recalling that the Programme of Action requires for its full implementation
adequate and sustained mobilization and availability of resources at the national and
international levels, as well as new and additional resources for developing countries from all available funding mechanisms, including multilateral, bilateral and private sources, and that Governments are not expected to meet the goals and objectives of the Programme of Action single-handedly, and expressing concern that funding levels do not meet current needs,

PP24. Taking note of the report of the Secretary-General on adolescents and youth, and
of the report of the Secretary-General on the monitoring of population programmes focusing on adolescents and youth, and taking note also of the report of the Secretary-General on the flow of financial resources for assisting in the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development,

OP1. Reaffirms the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population
and Development and the key actions for its further implementation;

OP2. Reaffirms also its strong commitment to the full implementation of the
Programme of Action adopted at the International Conference on Population and
Development and the key actions for the further implementation of the Programme of Action agreed at the five-year review of the Programme of Action, and the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development and its Programme of Action;

OP3. Reaffirms further the sovereign right of each country to implement
recommendations of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development or other proposals in the present resolution, consistent with national laws and development priorities, with full respect for the various religious and ethical values and cultural backgrounds of its people, and in conformity with universally recognized international human rights;

OP4. Calls upon Governments, in formulating and implementing national development
plans, budgets and poverty eradication strategies, to prioritize actions to address challenges
relating to the impact of population dynamics on poverty, and sustainable development,
keeping in mind that universal reproductive health-care services, commodities and supplies,
as well as information, education, skill development, national capacity-building for
population and development and transfer of appropriate technology and know-how to
developing countries are essential for achieving the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, the Beijing Platform for Action and the Millennium Development Goals;

OP5. Calls upon also Governments, considering the development situation in each
country, to promote both intergenerational equity and solidarity by taking into account the
implications of the changing age structures of the population in medium- and long-term
development planning and by considering the age-related consequences of social and
economic policies and further calls upon Governments and development partners to make
youth development a priority across all sectors;

OP6. Urges Member States to promote equal opportunities for all, to combat all forms
of discrimination against young people, including that based on race, colour, sex, language,
religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status
and to foster social integration for marginalized groups, such as young persons with
disabilities, young migrants and indigenous youth on an equal basis with others;

OP7. Urges also Governments to protect and promote human rights and fundamental
freedoms regardless of age and marital status, including, inter alia, by eliminating all forms of discrimination against girls and women, working more effectively to achieve equality
between women and men in all areas of family responsibility, in sexual and reproductive life, in education at all levels, and by protecting the human rights of adolescents and youth to have control over and decide freely and responsibly on matters related to their sexuality, including sexual and reproductive health;

OP8. Urges further Member States to enact and strictly enforce laws to ensure that
marriage is entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses and, in
addition, to enact and strictly enforce laws concerning the minimum legal age of consent and the minimum age for marriage, and to raise the minimum age for marriage where necessary;

OP9. Urges all States to develop, adopt, and fully implement laws and take other
measures, such as policies and educational programmes, as appropriate, to eradicate harmful practices, including, among others, female genital mutilation, early and forced marriage, which are violations of the human rights of women and girls, and to intensify efforts, in cooperation with local women’s and youth groups, to raise collective and individual awareness on how such harmful practices violate the human rights of women and girls;

OP10. Calls upon the international community to support ways to expand access to and
the affordability of key products, such as vector control measures, including indoor residual
spraying, long-lasting insecticide-treated nets, environmental management and vaccines, as
well as by monitoring surveillance through lab-rapide testing, and artemisinin-based
combination therapy for populations at risk of exposure to resistant strains of falciparum
malaria in malaria-endemic countries, particularly in Africa, including through additional
funds and innovative mechanisms, inter alia, for the financing and scaling up of artemisinin
production and procurement, as appropriate, to meet the increased need;

OP11. Welcomes the increased funding for malaria interventions and for research and
development of preventive and control tools that will target children, adolescents and youth,

OP12. Urges all States to enact and enforce legislation to protect all adolescents and
youth, including those in situations of armed conflict, natural disasters or humanitarian
emergencies, from all forms of violence, including gender-based violence and sexual
violence, trafficking in persons, and involvement in criminal activities and to provide social
and health services, including sexual and reproductive health services, and complaint and
reporting mechanisms for the redress of violations of their human rights;

OP13. Urges also Member States to take effective measures in conformity with
international law to protect adolescents and youth affected or exploited by terrorism and
incitement;

OP14. Urges further Member States to take concerted actions in conformity with
international law to remove the obstacles to the full realization of the rights of adolescents
and youth living under foreign occupation to promote the achievement of the Millennium
Development Goals;

OP15. Calls upon Member States to promote and protect effectively the human rights
and fundamental freedoms of all migrants, especially young people, regardless of their
migration status, and address international migration through international, regional or
bilateral cooperation and dialogue and through a comprehensive and balanced approach,
recognizing the roles and responsibilities of countries of origin, transit and destination in
promoting and protecting the human rights of all migrants, especially young people and
address the root causes of youth migration, while avoiding approaches that might aggravate
their vulnerability;

OP16. Calls upon also Governments to take all necessary measures to eliminate all
forms of discrimination against girls and young women, to remove all obstacles to gender
equality, to promote the empowerment of girls and young women in all aspects of youth
development, and to encourage boys and young men to participate fully in all actions toward gender equality;

OP17. Further calls upon Governments to support and encourage men in their
important role as fathers and in helping their children transition successfully to adulthood,
including by providing adequate financial support for their children and families; to promote
positive male role models and programmes for boys to become gender-sensitive adults; and
to enable men to support, promote and respect women’s sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights, recognizing the inherent dignity of all human beings;

OP18. Urges Member States to improve and actively support opportunities for young
people to gain access to productive employment and decent work, including through
investment in youth employment programmes, youth-adult partnerships, entrepreneurship and other income generation strategies, active labour markets, public-private partnerships, and other measures to facilitate the participation of young people in labour markets, in accordance with States’ respective national laws and international obligations and commitments, and to reinforce links between national development strategies and policies on education, training, social integration and mobility, taking into account gender equality and the empowerment of women;

OP19. Urges also Member States to address the high rates of youth unemployment,
underemployment, vulnerable employment and informal employment by developing and
implementing targeted and integrated national youth employment policies for inclusive job
creation; improved employability; skill development and vocational training to meet specific
labour market needs of youth, including young migrants; and increased entrepreneurship,
including the development of networks of young entrepreneurs at the local, national, regional and global levels, which foster knowledge among young people about their rights and responsibilities in society; and in this regard request donors, specialized United National
entities and the private sector to continue to provide assistance, including technical and
funding support, as required;

OP20. Encourages Member States to meet the needs and aspirations of youth,
particularly in the areas of education, work, income creation and citizen participation,
through, inter alia, training programmes that result from dialogue between governments,
employers and employees of various sectors of the economy, as appropriate;

OP21. Calls upon Member States to ensure the right to education for women and girls,
of good quality, on an equal basis with men and boys, and to ensure that they complete a full course of primary education, and to renew their efforts to improve and expand the education of girls and women at all levels, including at the secondary and higher levels, as well as vocational education and technical training, in order to, inter alia, achieve gender equality, the empowerment of women and poverty eradication;

OP22. Urges Member States to increase efforts to improve the quality of education and
to promote universal access to education, without discrimination on any basis, to ensure that adolescents and youth can acquire the knowledge, capacities, skills and ethical values needed, including by appropriate access to scholarships and other mobility programmes, among others;

OP23. Urges also Governments and the international community to ensure that young
people, on an equitable and universal basis, enjoy the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health by providing them with access to sustainable health and social services without discrimination; by paying special attention to nutrition including eating disorders and obesity prevention of non-communicable and communicable diseases, promotion of sexual and reproductive health, and mental health; and by supporting measures to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV and AIDS, to reduce road traffic fatalities and injuries, to prevent tobacco and illicit drug use and the harmful use of alcohol; and to encourage sports and recreation as well as the removal of all types of barriers to the ability of adolescents and youth to protect their health;

OP24. Urges further Governments to strengthen basic infrastructure, human and
technical resources and the provision of health facilities so as to improve health systems,
particularly for adolescents and youth, and ensure the accessibility, affordability and quality,
especially in rural and remote areas, of health-care services, as well as sustainable access to
safe drinking water and basic sanitation, bearing in mind the commitment to halving, by
2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation as a means of fighting waterborne diseases;

OP25. Recognizes the rights, duties and responsibilities of parents and other persons
legally responsible for adolescents to provide, in a manner consistent with the evolving
capacities of the adolescent, appropriate direction and guidance on sexual and reproductive
matters, and that countries must ensure that the programmes and attitudes of health-care
providers do not restrict the access of adolescents to appropriate services and the information they need, including on sexually transmitted infections and sexual abuse, and recognizes that in doing so, and in order to, inter alia, address sexual abuse, these services must safeguard the right of adolescents to privacy, confidentiality, respect and informed consent, respecting cultural values and religious beliefs, and that in this context, countries should, where appropriate, remove legal, regulatory and social barriers to reproductive health information and care for adolescents;

OP26. Calls upon Governments, with the full involvement of young people and with
the support of the international community, to give full attention to meeting the reproductive health service, information and education needs of young people with full respect for their privacy and confidentiality, free of discrimination, and to provide them with evidence-based comprehensive education on human sexuality, on sexual and reproductive health, human rights and gender equality, to enable them to deal in a positive and responsible way with their sexuality;

OP27. Urges Governments and development partners, including through international
cooperation, in order to improve maternal health, reduce maternal and child morbidity and
mortality and prevent and respond to HIV and AIDS, to strengthen health systems and ensure that they prioritize universal access to sexual and reproductive information and health-care services, including family planning, pre-natal care, safe delivery and post-natal care, especially breastfeeding and infant and women’s health care, emergency obstetric care, prevention and appropriate treatment of infertility, quality services for the management of complications arising from abortion, reducing the recourse to abortion through expanded and improved family planning services and, in circumstances where abortion is not against the law, training and equipping health-service providers and other measures to ensure that such abortion is safe and accessible, recognizing that in no case should abortion be promoted as a method of family planning, prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, and other reproductive health conditions and information, education and counselling, as appropriate, on human sexuality, reproductive health and responsible parenthood, taking into account the particular needs of those in vulnerable situations, which would contribute to the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, the Beijing Platform for Action and the Millennium Development Goals;

OP28. Reiterates the need for Governments to ensure that all women and men have
comprehensive information about, and access to a choice of the widest possible range of safe, effective, affordable and acceptable modern methods of family planning, including long acting methods and male and female condoms, so that they are able to exercise free and informed reproductive choices, and stresses that Governments and development partners, through international cooperation, should ensure that family planning programmes have a sufficient and continuous supply of safe, effective, affordable and acceptable modern contraceptives;

OP29. Calls upon Governments to pay particular attention to adolescents and youth,
especially young women and adolescent girls, in significantly scaling up efforts to meet the
goal of ensuring universal access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, free of
stigma and discrimination and with a gender perspective, and to provide comprehensive
information, voluntary counseling and testing to adolescents and youth living with HIV as
they transition into adulthood;

OP30. Calls upon also Governments to strengthen national social and child protection
systems and care and support programmes for adolescents and youth, in particular for young women and adolescent girls affected by and vulnerable to HIV, as well as their families and caregivers, including through the provision of equal opportunities to support the development to full potential of orphans and other children affected by and living with HIV, especially through equal access to education, the creation of safe and non-discriminatory learning environments, supportive legal systems and protections, including civil registration systems, and provision of comprehensive information and support, including youth friendly health centres to children and their families and caregivers, especially age-appropriate HIV information to assist children living with HIV as they transition through adolescence, consistent with their evolving capacities;

OP31. Calls upon further Governments, United Nations agencies, and others as
appropriate, to actively support and invest in increased participation of young people and in
youth-led and youth-focused organizations, taking into account gender equality and
representation of youth of various backgrounds, in the formulation, decisions about,
implementation and monitoring and evaluation of, as appropriate, local, national, regional
and international development strategies and policies that affect young people;

OP32. Encourages Governments to improve information in order to enable young
people to make better use of their opportunities to participate in decision-making, to develop and strengthen opportunities for young people to learn their rights and responsibilities, promoting their social and political participation and removing obstacles that affect their full contribution to society and to promote and support youth associations, volunteer groups and entrepreneurship;

OP33. Invites a wide range of relevant stakeholders, including families, teachers,
religious, traditional and community leaders, and community-based organizations, to play
positive roles to promote adolescent and youth development, maximize the impact of
information, education and communication activities and social media, and mobilize public
opinion in support of actions to improve the well-being of young people and their ability to
exercise their human rights;

OP34. Encourages the United Nations agencies, the international community and civil
society, as well as the private sector, to promote and support the implementation of the
adolescent and youth development agenda and to strengthen international cooperation and the exchange of information on effective policies, programmes and activities as a matter of
priority;

OP35. Underlines the central role of the global partnership for development and the
importance of Goal 8 in achieving the Millennium Development Goals, and recognizes that
without substantial international support, several of the goals are likely to be missed in many developing countries;

OP36. Encourages Governments and development partners to bring their investments in
reproductive health in line with the revised cost estimates presented by the Secretary-General for each of the four programme components identified in chapter XIII of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development,8 and calls upon Governments of both developed and developing countries to make every effort to mobilize the required resources to ensure that the health, development and human rights-related objectives of the Programme of Action are met, and urges Governments and development partners to cooperate closely to ensure that resources are used in a manner that ensures maximum effectiveness and is in full alignment with the needs and priorities of developing countries;

OP37. Urges Governments to monitor their progress towards the implementation of the
Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, the
key actions for its further implementation and other internationally agreed development goals at the local and national levels and, in this regard, to make special efforts to strengthen their vital registration and health information systems and develop the capacity of relevant national institutions and mechanisms to generate population data, disaggregated by sex, age and other categories as needed to monitor the well-being of adolescents and youth, and to use these data for the formulation and implementation of population and development policies;

OP38. Requests the Secretary-General to continue, within the framework of the
implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population
and Development, the substantive work on adolescents and youth, including integrating
gender and age perspectives, and other relevant perspectives into analyses and
recommendations, in collaboration and coordination with relevant United Nations agencies,
funds and programmes and other relevant international organizations, and giving due
consideration to their implications for development and poverty eradication and sustained,
equitable and inclusive economic growth.