Background: The Millennium Development Goals
The Millennium Summit in September 2000 was the largest gathering of world leaders in history. It adopted the UN Millennium Declaration which set in motion a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty.
The Millennium Declaration was informed by the outcomes of a series of global conferences and summits which were held during the 1990s. These included:
- 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women
- 1994 International Conference on Population and Development
- 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) evolved from the Millennium Declaration. They are 8 international development goals that UN member states agreed to achieve by the year 2015. IPPF advocates for:
- Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
- Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
- Goal 5: Improve maternal health
- Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
The original MDGs failed to include the central ICPD goal of ‘universal access to reproductive health’. However, IPPF and like-minded partners advocated for the inclusion of this goal, during and after the 2005 World Summit. ‘Universal access to reproductive health by 2015’ is now included within the MDG framework as a target under MDG 5.
Each of these 8 goals has specific targets and indicators to measure whether progress towards achieving them is on track. In total there are now 18 targets and 48 technical indicators to measure progress towards reaching the Millennium Development Goals.