The aftermath of the Nepal earthquake is far from over. In fact, the aftershocks following the earthquake have continued compounding fears of further devastation among the affected population. 39 out of 75 districts are affected. Bhaktapur, Dhading, Dolakha, Gorkha, Kathmandu, Kavre, Lalitpur, Makwanpur, Nuwakot, Okhaldhunga, Ramechhap, Rasuwa, Sindhuli and Sindhupalchok remain priority districts for health assistance.
New Government figures as of the 6 May show that the number of houses destroyed in the earthquake-affected districts is at least twice as high as previously reported; 284,455 houses have now been confirmed destroyed and another 234,102 damaged.
The numbers of reported casualties also increased to 7,675 deaths and 16,392 injured. While much focus has been around the central areas of Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, many other districts and remote villages also need to be reached, particularly in the mountainous terrain and hard to reach areas. Sustained relief and recovery efforts are required before the next monsoon season which is forecasted to begin in about 6 weeks from now.
For Nepal, OCHA has appealed $415 million to reach over 8 million people with life-saving aid in the next 3 months, out of this $75 million will be spent on Health Sector and $63 million on WASH. As of the 6 May , the Financial Tracking Service reports that US$ 18.5 million have been received against the Flash Appeal which is just 4% out of total funding requirement. This indicates the huge gap of services on the ground.
IPPF through its SPRINT initiative continues to scale up its relief operation. The endeavour is to reach people with specialised needs especially pregnant women who are in dire need of emergency care in underserved areas. Our
Member Association, Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN), has rallied around its volunteers, staff and resources to respond to this devastating emergency.
IPPF has now established its partnership with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) to ensure that the need for sexual and reproductive health care of young girls, pregnant and lactating women in Nepal is urgently met in the wake of the devastating April 25 earthquake. “Pregnant women and new mothers are often ignored in the aftermath of
a disaster, but they are among the most vulnerable and at risk population,” noted Giulia Vallese, UNFPA Representative in Nepal.
“UNFPA is grateful to IPPF and FPAN for this partnership, for it is through our implementing partners on the ground that our lifesaving interventions reach those who need them the most” said Vallese.
IPPF through its SPRINT initiative and FPAN are organising mobile Reproductive Health camps in affected areas to provide critical sexual and reproductive health services along with general health services. As of writing of this report, we have served more than 2200 persons including pregnant and lactating women. This has been done through mobile camps in sixteen different locations in some of the hardest-hit areas, including Bhaktapur, Kavre, Lalitpur, Sindhupalchowk and Kathmandu districts. Now, the operation will be expanded to Makwanpur district too.
IPPF is also partnering with Tata to mobilise doctors to support extend medical camp services in Makwanpur. A team representing the Australian Government who also supports the SPRINT Initiative visited the IPPF mobile medical camp in Khokana, Lalitpur District where 90 pregnant and lactating women were provided ante natal and post natal check up. Most of the women for postnatal service came with their new born babies. They were also provided with family planning
Dignity kits and clean delivery kits provided by UNFPA were also distributed along with various reproductive health services as outlined in Minimum Initial Service Package for Reproductive Health. The FPAN doctors, nurses, staff and volunteers have been oriented on MISP, Guideline of RH camp, RH kits contents and its utility, about dignity kit and concept of female friendly space by IPPF and SPRINT team.
IPPF through its SPRINT initiative and FPAN are identifying appropriate location in 5 districts for putting up tent and equip it to create a female friendly space which can be used by adolescent girls and women of reproductive age group including pregnant and lactating mother.