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By Caroline Nyamayemombe, Gender/ Gender Based Violence Specialist for UNFPA in South Sudan.
The consequences of sexual violence at the individual, family and community level means the loss to that community – socially and economically. Sexual violence against women and girls robs them of an opportunity to choose when and with whom to have sex and should one conceive as a result of the rape they have also lost control over the decision on child bearing. In some African countries we know that sexual violence takes place against a backdrop of early and forced marriage.
In late July 2010, a woman brought her 10-year-old daughter, Sakina, into an emergency outreach clinic in Muzaffargarh, South Punjab. Floods had inundated that part of Pakistan and our Member Association - the Family Planning Association of Pakistan (Rahnuma-FPAP) - had deployed using boats and vans.
For many transgender people, hormone therapy is part of the affirmation of their gender identity. An increasing number of IPPF Member Associations are responding to the sexual and reproductive health needs of transgender people, and some have initiated steps to provide hormone therapy. Providing this service may assist transgender people to realize their sexual and gender rights.
As we move towards 2015, a collection of UN agencies want to know: Do you have a vision for your future world? How can we alleviate poverty? How can we ensure sustainable global economic and social development?
As we commemorate Human Rights Day we must remember a simple fact: poverty is a cause and consequence of weak sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR). This is because women who use contraceptives have a direct impact on the world's economy. For example, Nigeria would gain the equivalent of US$13.9bn per year if young women had the same employment rates as men.